The feet keep a person mobile. It is no surprise that when a person suffers from pain and injury, moving around becomes extremely difficult. This can happen because of the repetitive movements you make. When the pain and injury affect your day-to-day life, you should see a podiatrist who can assess the problem. This medical specialist focuses on the assessment of abnormalities of the foot and leg movement. They can also prescribe treatments that include special footwear and recommendations for surgery.
If you are experiencing pain in your feet and legs right now, visit a foot clinic in North York to check the problem. These are some of the foot problems that you may encounter and the treatment for them:
1. Foot Pain
Several people have pain in the base of their feet. It usually happens because of the overuse of one or several structures. A common example of this is sesamoiditis or the inflammation of structures that surround two small bones under the joint of the big toe. Another common example is plantar fasciitis which pertains to the pain experienced because of overusing the ligament-like structure from underneath the length of the foot.
Runners, overweight, and middle-aged people usually suffer from foot pain. It often starts with low-grade pain in the arch or heel of the foot and proceeds to worsen over weeks or months.
Most of the time, the podiatrist will prescribe an insole and assess the patient’s footwear. If the problem worsens, pain management medicines and surgery may become necessary. The good news is, most plantar fasciitis doesn’t need such treatments.
2. Shin Splints or Pain
Shin splint is a term that refers to a number of common pains in the shin area during or after heavy physical activity. This pain can come from a number of structures in the shin area including the muscles, bones, ligaments, and tendons. This occurs that the point where the muscle attaches to the shin bone.
Because of the nature of the injury, treatment is different from one person to the other. Doctors would recommend stretching and warming up before partaking in any physical activity to help prevent shin pain.
3. Corns and calluses on the feet
Do you usually find hard, thickened skin on your foot? This usually appears due to pressure or friction when you wear ill-fitting shoes. The pressure that is concentrated in a small area can form corn — distinctly identified because of the central core it develops.
A common way to avoid corns and calluses is to break the shoe in. A popular figure who always had her shoe broken in is the late Queen Elizabeth. A lady in waiting walks her new shoes for her so they become comfortable enough for the royalty.
The redness, pain, and swelling that corn and calluses form can be managed by dabbing a cold compress on the area. If there are cuts, home remedies for dressing wounds will ease the pain.
In some cases, you will be required to get orthotics in Mississauga. These special devices help in treating various conditions of the foot and ankle to relieve common complaints.
4. Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot can affect everyone. This condition is caused by a fungus that thrives in warm, dark, and moist environments like the shoe. It can cause skin inflammation that leads to a white, scaly rash with a red base. It is also common to experience itching, peeling, burning, and smelly feet because of this.
Tinea pedis can be treated using over-the-counter anti-fungal creams. Podiatrists may also have to check the condition for more treatments if needed.
It would also help to avoid the condition if you keep your shoes clean, change your socks daily, and wash your feet with soap and water before sleeping at night.
Bunions refer to foot deformity in which the big toe becomes visibly bigger and leans inwards. This joint is easily inflamed by pressure and can be painful.
The first step to making wearing shoes comfortable is to see a podiatrist for treatment or recommended devices. You will be asked to avoid wearing high-heeled footwear. In some cases, the only way to fix things is through surgery.
The feet are prone to injury and pain. Make sure to let it rest after a long day and be generous with massaging them. However, if the pain lingers, make sure to see a podiatrist for proper assessment and treatment.