The existing Sino-India border crisis has shown that China has little respect for India’s long-standing efforts to freeze status quo along its frontiers, a top US observer on South Asia has claimed.
Ashley Tellis, Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs and also a senior fellow with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said that by its brazen actions, Beijing has forced New Delhi to sign up for the remainder of Asia in identifying how to cope with the newest turn in China’s “salami-slicing tactics”.
“The current Sino-Indian border crisis has stated that China has little respect for India’s long-standing efforts to freeze the status quo on the two countries’ disputed frontiers or perhaps New Delhi’s cautious efforts to avoid the appearance of balancing against Beijing,” he was quoted saying.
Rather, treating India’s internal actions regarding Jammu and Kashmir as a provocation, it has chosen to expand its control over new parts of the Himalayan borderlands through brazen actions that confront India with the difficult choice of either lumping its losses or escalating through force if the negotiations presently underway yield meager returns, Tellis wrote in his latest research paper.
“By so doing, it provides forced India to participate in most of Asia in understanding how to approach the brand new turn in China’s salami-slicing tactics, which now distinctively mark its trajectory as a rising power,” he said. Unlike the discrete and geographically localised confrontations of the past, the latest encounters are occurring at multiple locations on the Series of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh within the eastern portion of Jammu and Kashmir, which suggests a high degree of Chinese premeditation and approval because of its military’s activities in the very top, Tellis claimed.
China, having exploited the initiative to seize pieces of India’s claimed territory, can now hold on to its new acquisitions forever unless India chooses to eject Chinese troops by force or decides to impose tit-for-tat costs on China by symmetrically occupying other pockets in disputed territory where it possesses a tactical advantage,” he said,. That’s “The unfortunate truth.
In which case the stage would be set for perhaps a wider confrontation, he noted, this rejoinder admittedly carries risks because China could parry such Indian actions using its significant reserves already deployed at key locations along the front.
Tellis said the pattern of Chinese patrolling because the late 1990s implies that Beijing seeks to eventually control the complete the Aksai Chin plateau, on which areas of Ladakh are placed.
As the Sino-Indian rivalry has increased after the Cold War, Beijing has attempted to gradually bring pieces and bits of the disputed frontier under its de facto authority, he said, although china has laid claim to this region since the 1950s.
In the absence of maps that clearly delineate which areas each side actively controls, China’s creeping appropriation of territory cannot be either contested or contained except by physical Indian obstruction, Tellis noted, the term de facto authority itself is inadequate in this context because.
“On this count, Chinese actions have been singularly mischievous: although both countries have long invested in exchanging maps describing their presence inside the disputed territories as the 1st step toward a boundary settlement, Beijing has to date consistently declined to follow along with through on its obligations,” Tellis wrote in their paper.
This is because accepting any Indian map that marks an extant Indian presence would make it difficult for China to claim that territory in future negotiations, in large measures. What China actually wants would be the entirety of the disputed borderlands simply on the potency of its declare that it once possessed them, he claimed.